Textual Essay Bibliography

Bedell, John. “Bensozia.” Shieldmaidens: Were There Female Warriors in the Viking Age?, 1 Jan. 1970,

Blurton, Brian. “Famous Women in Viking Culture.” Vikingsociety,

Brown, Nancy Marie. The Far Traveler: Voyages of a Viking Woman. Harvest Books Harcourt, 2008.

Eldevik, R. “Women in Old Norse Literature: Bodies, Words, and Power by Jóhanna Katrín Friðriksdóttir (review).” Arthuriana, vol. 24 no. 2, 2014, pp. 160-162. Project MUSE, doi:10.1353/art.2014.0020

Hermannsson, Halldór, and Ari Thorgilsson. The Book of the Icelanders: (ÍSlendingabók). Kraus, 1930.

Jesch, Judith. “History – Viking Women.” BBC, BBC, 29 Mar. 2011,

Jochens, Jenny. “The Journal of English and Germanic Philology.” The Journal of English and Germanic Philology, vol. 92, no. 4, 1993, pp. 597–599. JSTOR, JSTOR,

Kvilhaug, Maria. “The Völva – The Norse Witch.” Freyia Völundarhúsins,

Lanesskog, Thor. “Viking Woman Freydis Eiríksdóttir’s Fearless Fight Against Indians.”ThorNews, 26 Sept. 2017,

Nutt, Amy Ellis. Wonder Woman Lived: Viking Warrior Skeleton Identified as Female, 128 Years After its Discovery. Washington: WP Company LLC d/b/a The Washington Post, 2017. ProQuest. 12 Dec. 2017.

Olsen, Alexandra Hennessey. “Valkyries.” Women in the Middle Ages: An Encyclopedia, edited by Katharina M. Wilson, and Nadia Margolis, ABC-CLIO, 1st edition, 2004. Credo Reference, Accessed 12 Dec 2017.

Pruitt, Sarah. “What Was Life Like for Women in the Viking Age?”, A&E Television Networks, 18 Nov. 2016,

Smiley, Jane. “The Saga of the Greenlanders.” The Sagas of the Icelanders: a Selection, Penguin, 2001.

Smiley, Jane, and Robert Kellogg. “Eirik the Red’s Saga.” The Sagas of Icelanders: a Selection, Penguin Books, 2001.

“The Ages of Exploration.” Ages of Exploration,

“The Role of Women in Viking Society.” Hurstwic: The Role of Women in Viking Society,

Van Deusen, Natalie M. “Sworn Sisterhood? On the (Near-) Absence of Female Friendship from the Íslendingasqgur.” Scandinavian Studies, vol. 86, no. 1, Spring 2014, pp. 52-71. EBSCOhost,

Wolf, Kirsten. “Amazons in Vínland.” The Journal of English and Germanic Philology, vol. 95, no. 4, 1996, pp. 469–485. JSTOR,

Digital Image/Photo Essay Bibliography

Ancient Origins. “Viking Ship.” Research Suggests Viking Women Accompanied Warriors on Overseas Missions,

Arbo, Peter Nicolai. “Shield-Maiden.” Wikipedia,

Bedell, John. “Viking Skeleton.” Shieldmaidens: Were There Female Warriors in the Viking Age?,

Banning, Lynna. “Aud the Deep-Minded.” The Life and Times of Aud the Deep-Minded,

Barton, Kimberly S. “Unn the Deep-Minded.” The Lovely Sif,

Hollon, William E. “Iceland Vikings Boat.” Iceland 251,

Icelandic Roots. “Aud the Deep-Minded Cross.” Dalir – The Valleys and Aud the Deep-Minded,

Jensen, Ashlie. “Aud the Deep-Minded .” Remarkable Women of History,

Maud, Wiliam T. “The Ride of the Valkyries.” The Powerful Valkyries as Icons of Female Force and Fear,

M., Majk. “Background Cold Fog Foggy Forest Lake Landscape.” Free Stock Photos,

North Wind Picture Archives. “Freydis Defends Her Fellow Norse Settlers from Native Americans, or Skraelings, 1009.” Alamy Stock Photos,

“Þorbjörg Litilvölva.” Hurstwic,

Power, June. “Viking Women Cooking.” Vikings,

Seigfried, Karl E. “Éowyn.” The Norse Mythology Blog,

“Thorbjorg Sketch.” Tumblr,


“Wonder Woman (2017 Film).” Wikipedia,