Citations

Textual Essay Bibliography

Bedell, John. “Bensozia.” Shieldmaidens: Were There Female Warriors in the Viking Age?, 1 Jan. 1970, benedante.blogspot.com/2014/09/shieldmaidens-were-there-female.html.

Blurton, Brian. “Famous Women in Viking Culture.” Vikingsociety, vikingsociety.wikispaces.com/Famous+women+in+Viking+culture.

Brown, Nancy Marie. The Far Traveler: Voyages of a Viking Woman. Harvest Books Harcourt, 2008.

Eldevik, R. “Women in Old Norse Literature: Bodies, Words, and Power by Jóhanna Katrín Friðriksdóttir (review).” Arthuriana, vol. 24 no. 2, 2014, pp. 160-162. Project MUSE, doi:10.1353/art.2014.0020

Hermannsson, Halldór, and Ari Thorgilsson. The Book of the Icelanders: (ÍSlendingabók). Kraus, 1930.

Jesch, Judith. “History – Viking Women.” BBC, BBC, 29 Mar. 2011, www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/vikings/women_01.shtml.

Jochens, Jenny. “The Journal of English and Germanic Philology.” The Journal of English and Germanic Philology, vol. 92, no. 4, 1993, pp. 597–599. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/27710925.

Kvilhaug, Maria. “The Völva – The Norse Witch.” Freyia Völundarhúsins, freya.theladyofthelabyrinth.com/?page_id=258.

Lanesskog, Thor. “Viking Woman Freydis Eiríksdóttir’s Fearless Fight Against Indians.”ThorNews, 26 Sept. 2017, thornews.com/2016/04/24/viking-woman-freydis-eiriksdottirs-fearless-fight-against-indians/.

Nutt, Amy Ellis. Wonder Woman Lived: Viking Warrior Skeleton Identified as Female, 128 Years After its Discovery. Washington: WP Company LLC d/b/a The Washington Post, 2017. ProQuest. 12 Dec. 2017.

Olsen, Alexandra Hennessey. “Valkyries.” Women in the Middle Ages: An Encyclopedia, edited by Katharina M. Wilson, and Nadia Margolis, ABC-CLIO, 1st edition, 2004. Credo Reference, http://www.library.umaine.edu/auth/EZProxy/test/authej.asp?url=http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/abcwma/valkyries/0?institutionId=2008. Accessed 12 Dec 2017.

Pruitt, Sarah. “What Was Life Like for Women in the Viking Age?” History.com, A&E Television Networks, 18 Nov. 2016, www.history.com/news/what-was-life-like-for-women-in-the-viking-age.

Smiley, Jane. “The Saga of the Greenlanders.” The Sagas of the Icelanders: a Selection, Penguin, 2001.

Smiley, Jane, and Robert Kellogg. “Eirik the Red’s Saga.” The Sagas of Icelanders: a Selection, Penguin Books, 2001.

“The Ages of Exploration.” Ages of Exploration, exploration.marinersmuseum.org/subject/gudridur-thorbjarnardottir/.

“The Role of Women in Viking Society.” Hurstwic: The Role of Women in Viking Society, www.hurstwic.org/history/articles/society/text/women.htm.

Van Deusen, Natalie M. “Sworn Sisterhood? On the (Near-) Absence of Female Friendship from the Íslendingasqgur.” Scandinavian Studies, vol. 86, no. 1, Spring 2014, pp. 52-71. EBSCOhost, www.library.umaine.edu/auth/EZProxy/test/authej.asp?url=http://search.ebscohost.com.ursus-proxy-1.ursus.maine.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=lfh&AN=95542844&site=ehost-live.

Wolf, Kirsten. “Amazons in Vínland.” The Journal of English and Germanic Philology, vol. 95, no. 4, 1996, pp. 469–485. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/27711392.

Digital Image/Photo Essay Bibliography

Ancient Origins. “Viking Ship.” Research Suggests Viking Women Accompanied Warriors on Overseas Missions, www.ancient-origins.net/news-general/research-suggests-viking-women-accompanied-warriors-overseas-missions-002045.

Arbo, Peter Nicolai. “Shield-Maiden.” Wikipedia, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shield-maiden.

Bedell, John. “Viking Skeleton.” Shieldmaidens: Were There Female Warriors in the Viking Age?, benedante.blogspot.com/2014/09/shieldmaidens-were-there-female.html.

Banning, Lynna. “Aud the Deep-Minded.” The Life and Times of Aud the Deep-Minded, historyhoydens.blogspot.com/2007/05/life-and-times-of-aud-deep-minded.html.

Barton, Kimberly S. “Unn the Deep-Minded.” The Lovely Sif, kimberlysbarton.com/unn-the-deep-minded/.

Hollon, William E. “Iceland Vikings Boat.” Iceland 251, www.pinterest.fr/pin/446137906809585871/.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gudrid_Thorbjarnard%C3%B3ttir

Icelandic Roots. “Aud the Deep-Minded Cross.” Dalir – The Valleys and Aud the Deep-Minded, www.icelandicroots.com/single-post/2015/08/26/Dalir-%E2%80%93-The-Valleys-and-Aud-the-Deep-Minded.

Jensen, Ashlie. “Aud the Deep-Minded .” Remarkable Women of History, www.pinterest.com/pin/45106433738133137/.

Maud, Wiliam T. “The Ride of the Valkyries.” The Powerful Valkyries as Icons of Female Force and Fear, www.ancient-origins.net/myths-legends-europe/powerful-valkyries-icons-female-force-and-fear-003407.

M., Majk. “Background Cold Fog Foggy Forest Lake Landscape.” Free Stock Photos, all-free-download.com/free-photos/download/background-cold-fog-foggy-forest-lake-landscape_598416.html.

North Wind Picture Archives. “Freydis Defends Her Fellow Norse Settlers from Native Americans, or Skraelings, 1009.” Alamy Stock Photos, www.alamy.com/stock-photo-freydis-defends-her-fellow-norse-settlers-from-native-americans-or-29917866.html.

“Þorbjörg Litilvölva.” Hurstwic, www.hurstwic.org/library/heroes/text/thorbjorg.htm.

Power, June. “Viking Women Cooking.” Vikings, www.pinterest.com/pin/189995678002467024/.

Seigfried, Karl E. “Éowyn.” The Norse Mythology Blog, www.norsemyth.org/2013/02/tolkiens-heathen-feminist-part-one.html.

“Thorbjorg Sketch.” Tumblr, petitepointplace.tumblr.com/post/156157254960/excerpt-from-the-saga-of-erik-the-red-detailing-a.

Vadakan. “FREYDIS EIRIKSDOTTIR.” FEMINABRAVA, feminabrava.blogspot.com/.

“Wonder Woman (2017 Film).” Wikipedia, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wonder_Woman_(2017_film).

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